Community-led initiatives in Denmark

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Revision as of 07:55, 26 June 2018 by Katja (talk | contribs) (Community Energy in Denmark)


Overview

Transition in Denmark

Main page: Transition in Denmark

The Transition Network lists 5 initiatives in Denmark.[1]

The foundation for the Transition Movement in Denmark was laid in 2006 by a group of climate-conscious people, which led to the foundation of Omstilling Danmark (Transition Denmark). The purpose of the association operating as the national hub is to inspire new local initiatives and offer a platform for connection and exchange.[2]

The Omstilling Nu (Transition Now), founded by young people in 2013, is a growing network and “project platform where people can develop their own projects working for the transition of society to a sustainable future”.[3]

Permaculture in Denmark

Main page: Permaculture in Denmark

Permakultur Danmark lists more than 250 registered permaculture projects In Denmark with the highest concentration in urban areas, there are 10 local networks established or in development and 14 LAND centres and starters.[4].

Permakultur Danmark is is a member-driven and member-based association, organised in a “mother group” (the board), representing the organisation and governs in a flat sociocratic structure as well as a “daughter group” (work groups or committees) and is a member of ECOLISE.

Ecovillages in Denmark

Main page: Ecovillages in Denmark

The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) lists 10 projects in their database. This number is however only reflecting the projects that have registered themselves on the database. The ecovillage database contains ecovillage projects of all sizes and in all stages of development.[5]

The ecovillages in Denmark are organized in the Landsforeningen for Okosamfund (LØS), a member of ECOLISE. LØS was founded 25 years ago, lists 33 ecovillage projects and 19 companies engaged with ecosystems as members coming together in its annual general meeting and working groups. The biannually published magazine “Økosamfund i Danmark” has reached its 82th edition in October 2017 and all relevant documents are transparently arranged and publicly available on google drive. .[6]

LØS is working with an elected board and interest-based committees reporting to the board with all strategically working towards the “transformation of Denmark which is about creating many more new ecosystems both in rural areas and cities, strengthening sustainable business development and launching massive education in sustainability and conversion - from primary school to high school.” .[7]

LØS is part of the Baltic Ecovillage Network (BEN), an association connecting projects around the Baltic Sea which is operated by a board of 11 board members from its different membership countries.

LØS is also an ECOLISE member and a full member of GEN-Europe, the European branch of the Global Ecovillage Network.

Community Energy in Denmark

Main page: Community energy in Denmark


"Denmark has a long history of strong policy support for wind energy, ever since the 1970s when the country responded to the oil crisis by pioneering wind power as part of a drive toward energy security, and ever since wind has provided a relatively high percentage of Danish energy consumption. This strong policy support can be thought of as re ective of wider cultural attitudes in Denmark, in which renewable energy and the idea of ‘being green’ carry positive meanings and associations. Several polls have suggested that wind energy has been viewed more positively than other nations. Denmark still has no nuclear power facilities, with a 1985 law prohibiting the production of any nuclear energy. The widespread use of district heating in Denmark, encouraged through legislation, has also resulted in a more decentralised energy system, with much heat and power generation owned by municipalities and communities. In Denmark, for example, support for decentralised and community approaches dates back to the 1980s. Strongly dependent on oil imports, and badly shaken by the oil price crises in the 1970s, Denmark embarked upon a strategy based on developing a strong indigenous renewables industry, local heat networks often owned by the municipality, and local control over planning. The electricity market was liberalised in the 1990s, but with continued use of  scal incentives and policy to meet national objectives. In March 2012 a new Energy Agreement set ambitious targets for energy and carbon reduction, with a target of 100% renewable energy by 2050, and specific measures including a ban on use of fossil fuels for space heating in new buildings from 2013. This combination of a long-term, stable energy policy framework, together with considerable local autonomy, has created an enabling environment for local energy schemes, and explains the scale and professionalism of the Middlegrunden and Hvide Sande schemes which we profile in this report. In particular, both projects pointed to the fact that the municipality has responsibility for their share of renewables targets, but also the ability to determine how the targets are met. This creates an incentive for local government to support ambitious projects in their area".[8]


• "Middlegrunden Wind Farm is a very large-scale offshore project in Copenhagen harbour, half-owned by the municipality and half by a local co-operative with over 10,000 members. The project received widespread support at the planning stage in the 1990s. It was greatly helped by Denmark’s institutional support for both renewable energy and community scale projects, as well as the lead role played by local government". [8]

• "Hvide Sande Wind Farm, on a beach next to the small port town of Hvide Sande, is owned by the local community foundation, with pro ts from the turbines nancing local regeneration. The project was established as a response to what was seen as the increasing commercialisation of the wind industry in Denmark". [8]

Solidarity Economy in Denmark

Main page: Solidarity economy in Denmark

Community Food Production in Denmark

Main page: Community Food Production in Denmark


Other(s)

Collaboration with Local Government

Intersections and Interactions

References