Community-led initiatives in France

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Transition in France

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Permaculture in France

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Ecovillages in France

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Community Energy in France

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Solidarity Economy in Francy

Main page: Solidarity economy in France

A 2015 survey indicated that the national social and solidarity economy (SSE) encompassed 200,000 companies, together employing over 2 million people, one in every eight private-sector employees. Activities in the SSE sector accounted for almost ten per cent of GDP. In the previous ten years, the number of jobs in the SSE sector grew by 440,000, an increase of 23%, compared with 7% in the traditional economy over the same timescale.[1]

The same report notes a high visibility of social and solidarity economy in the French legal framework as well as supportive institutions:

"In 2014 the Act no. 2014- 856 of July 31 on SSE was approved. The law defines SSE, creates a High Council for SSE, a National Chamber and Regional Chambers. The Act amends or adds numerous provisions on the establishment of social economy enterprises, the transfer of enterprises to their employees, it modifies the cooperative sector and modi es the law of associations, etc. The law recognizes that: “SSE is a means of manipulating and expanding the economy focusing on all  fields of human activity to which legal entities under private law meeting the following cumulative conditions adhere: a target pursued not merely by sharing profits; democratic governance and responsible management”. In countries such as France some additional features are shared by SSE entities such as limits to the organizations’ profits, the capacity to mobilize people in the territories where they operate and to achieve positive externalities in collective interest. In the Country, competent institutions to regulate solidarity initiatives have also been created, especially the French Chamber for SSE and the “Cash deposits”, which raises funds and finances projects in the relevant sectors".[1]


Collaboration with Local Government

Intersections and Interactions


  1. 1.0 1.1 Troisi, R., di Sisto, M., Castagnola, A., 2018. Transformative economy: Challenges and limits of the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) in 55 territories in Europe and in the World. Sustainable and Solidarity Economy, Firenze.