Community-led initiatives in Romania

From EcoliseWiki


Overview

Transition in Romania

Main page: Transition in Romania

The Transition Network lists 3 initiatives in Romania.[1] A national hub România În Tranziţie, a member of ECOLISE, is actively exchanging information on social media and currently creating a new website.

Permaculture in Romania

Main page: Permaculture in Romania

According to Permacultura-Romania, permaculture has grown steeply in Romania in recent years but notes a dominance in urban settings and young and alternative people without much technical training in agriculture or practical experience leading the projects.[2]

The Institute for Research on Permaculture in Romania (ICPR) is an NGO representing the Romanian Permaculture Community with the aim of "providing quality standards for courses and seminars; to actively promote the practice of permaculture in Romania; to support research on permaculture and, last but not least, to help people and demonstration centers connect, develop beneficial interactions, partnerships and many other beautiful things".[3]. ICPR is also a member of ECOLISE.

Ecovillages in Romania

Main page: Ecovillages in Romania

The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) lists 9 projects in their database. This number is however only reflecting the projects that have registered themselves on the database. The ecovillage database contains ecovillage projects of all sizes and in all stages of development.[4]

Community Energy in Romania

Main page: Community energy in Romania

Solidarity Economy in Romania

Main page: Solidarity economy in Romania

According to the SUSY report of 2015 on Social and Solidarity Economy there is a high concentration go social enterprises in Bucharest while the projects in rural areas are limited.[5]

Community Food Production in Romania

Main page: Community Food Production in Romania


Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in Romania

According to the Association for the Support of Traditional Agriculture (ASAT) there were 8 ASAT partnerships in in 2017 (Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Sibiu, Odorheiu Secuiesc and Timisoara). The ASAT Association was established as a non-governmental organization with legal personality in 2014 inspired by the French model AMAP and is promoted by the NGO CRIES.[6]

In 2014, a study analysing CSA and it´s potential in Romania in 3 case studies of CSA pioneers supplying organic vegetables to customers in Western Romania, names two main push factors supporting the further development of CSAs in Romania:

First, very low income prospects and missing social safety nets keep up to a million small farms in Romania at the subsistence level. These farms are widely excluded from the markets since large retailers such as supermarket chains rely solely on large producers. Second, the market for organic products (especially fresh organic products) is severely underdeveloped in Romania. The limited organic products on offer are mostly imported and concentrated in large retailers. Organic agriculture in Romania becomes a conundrum of demand and supply: there is not enough demand to encourage local supply and the Romanian production of organic agricultural products is exported directly to foreign consumers who are willing to pay many times its costs of production. In general, Romania exports organic raw materials and imports processed foods for the few Romanian consumers interested in this niche market”.[7]

Other(s)

Collaboration with Local Government

Intersections and Interactions

References

  1. https://transitionnetwork.org/transition-near-me/initiatives/. Accessed on June 10th 2018
  2. http://permacultura-romania.com. Accessed on June 14th 2018
  3. http://institutuldepermacultura.ro. Accessed on June 14th 2018
  4. https://ecovillage.org/projects. Accessed on May 23rd 2018
  5. Troisi, R., di Sisto, M., Castagnola, A., 2018. Transformative economy: Challenges and limits of the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) in 55 territories in Europe and in the World. Sustainable and Solidarity Economy, Firenze.
  6. http://asatromania.ro. Accessed on June 10th 2018.
  7. Community Supported Agriculture: A promising pathway for small family farms in Eastern Europe? A case study from Romania. In: Landbauforschung (Bd. 64, Nr. 3-4: 139-150). Judith Moellers, Brînduşa Bîrhală, 2014. http://base.socioeco.org/docs/dn054818.pdf. Accessed on June 10th 2018.