Difference between revisions of "Fearless Cities"

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'''Fearless Cities''' (FC) is the global municipalist movement. It began in 2017 after the first conference in Barcelona to assist all global cities and communities create and / or develop local municipalist projects and political processes to allow citizens have a greater say in what type of city or community they wish to live in.
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'''Fearless Cities''' is the global municipalist movement. It began in 2017 after the first conference in Barcelona to assist all global cities and communities create and / or develop local municipalist projects and political processes to allow citizens have a greater say in what type of city or community they wish to live in.
  
== About Fearless Cities ==
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[[File:200px-Fc.png|right|200px|link=http://fearlesscities.com/]]
According to the Fearless Cities website:
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 +
== General introduction ==
 +
According to the [http://fearlesscities.com/ Fearless cities](FC) website:
  
 
  In a world in which fear and inequalities are being twisted into hate, “Fearless” towns and cities are standing up to defend human rights, democracy and the common good.
 
  In a world in which fear and inequalities are being twisted into hate, “Fearless” towns and cities are standing up to defend human rights, democracy and the common good.
Line 8: Line 10:
 
  Since then, these neighbourhood movements, mayors and local councilors have been collaborating to build global networks of solidarity and hope from the bottom up.<ref>http://fearlesscities.com/en/about-fearless-cities. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>
 
  Since then, these neighbourhood movements, mayors and local councilors have been collaborating to build global networks of solidarity and hope from the bottom up.<ref>http://fearlesscities.com/en/about-fearless-cities. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>
  
== Origins of Fearless Cities ==
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===Origins of Fearless Cities===
 
The citizen platform [[Barcelona en Comú]] (BeC)<ref>https://barcelonaencomu.cat/. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref> won the 2015 Municipal elections in Barcelona.<ref>Left-wing victory in Catalonia's municipal elections and increase of self-determination representatives. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/left-wing-victory-in-catalonia-s-municipal-elections-and-increase-of-self-determination-representatives</ref> Along with seven other citizen platforms, this movement subsequently got labelled as the 'Rebel Cities' of Spain.<ref>Shea Baird, K., 2015. Published online in Red Pepper. Rebel cities: the citizen platforms in power. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.  https://www.redpepper.org.uk/rebel-cities-the-citizen-platforms-in-power/</ref> The municipalist win saw the city having its first woman mayor Ada Colau (in over 2,000 years of history) and BeC declared they were developing a more 'feminised' democracy.<ref>Guardian: Barcelona mayor-elect Ada Colau calls for more 'feminised' democracy. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/07/barcelona-mayor-ada-colau-feminised-democracy</ref> A week after elections when interviewed on Democracy Now! Colau stated: “We can prove there is another way to govern, more inclusive, working together with the people, more than just asking them to vote every four years. We´re very aware that the real change must be global, that one city alone cannot solve all the problems we´re facing”.<ref>Democracy Now!: From Occupying Banks to City Hall: Meet Barcelona’s New Mayor Ada Colau. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.democracynow.org/2015/6/5/from_occupying_banks_to_city_hall</ref>
 
The citizen platform [[Barcelona en Comú]] (BeC)<ref>https://barcelonaencomu.cat/. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref> won the 2015 Municipal elections in Barcelona.<ref>Left-wing victory in Catalonia's municipal elections and increase of self-determination representatives. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/left-wing-victory-in-catalonia-s-municipal-elections-and-increase-of-self-determination-representatives</ref> Along with seven other citizen platforms, this movement subsequently got labelled as the 'Rebel Cities' of Spain.<ref>Shea Baird, K., 2015. Published online in Red Pepper. Rebel cities: the citizen platforms in power. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.  https://www.redpepper.org.uk/rebel-cities-the-citizen-platforms-in-power/</ref> The municipalist win saw the city having its first woman mayor Ada Colau (in over 2,000 years of history) and BeC declared they were developing a more 'feminised' democracy.<ref>Guardian: Barcelona mayor-elect Ada Colau calls for more 'feminised' democracy. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/07/barcelona-mayor-ada-colau-feminised-democracy</ref> A week after elections when interviewed on Democracy Now! Colau stated: “We can prove there is another way to govern, more inclusive, working together with the people, more than just asking them to vote every four years. We´re very aware that the real change must be global, that one city alone cannot solve all the problems we´re facing”.<ref>Democracy Now!: From Occupying Banks to City Hall: Meet Barcelona’s New Mayor Ada Colau. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.democracynow.org/2015/6/5/from_occupying_banks_to_city_hall</ref>
  
== Fearless Cities Conferences ==
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==Fearless Cities Summits==
In 2017 BeC set up the first Fearless Cities conference in Barcelona to support other cities who wished to create similar citizen-led change. The conference and new global network had three clear goals:<ref>http://2017.fearlesscities.com/. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>
 
  
 +
In 2017 BeC set up the first Fearless Cities Summit in Barcelona to support other cities who wished to create similar citizen-led change. In 2018 there were four subsequent Fearless Cities Summits around the world and, despite COVID, two more in Europe in 2019. Groups are currently exploring another Summit in Amsterdam, May 28-30th 2021.
 +
 +
=== International Municipalist Summit ===
 +
Barcelona, Spain. 9-11 June 2017.
 +
 +
In 2017 BeC set up the first Fearless Cities Summit in Barcelona to support other cities who wished to create similar citizen-led change. The conference and new global network had three clear goals:<ref>http://2017.fearlesscities.com/. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>
 +
{|
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{{#ev:youtube|6Xla8RKOrUI|450|right}}
 +
|
 +
|
 
;Work as a global municipalist network
 
;Work as a global municipalist network
 
:Share tools, knowledge and experiences with municipalist movements from around the world
 
:Share tools, knowledge and experiences with municipalist movements from around the world
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;Stop the far right
 
;Stop the far right
 
:Combat the politics of hate and fear with local policies to reduce inequality and promote the common good
 
:Combat the politics of hate and fear with local policies to reduce inequality and promote the common good
 +
|}
 +
In 2018 there were four subsequent Fearless Cities Summits around the world and, despite COVID, two more in Europe in 2019.
 +
 +
=== North America ===
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{|
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{{#ev:youtube|LVMdTe463k0|450|right}}
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|
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|
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New York City, USA
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27 July - 29 July 2018
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 +
=== Central and Eastern Europe ===
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Warsaw, Poland. 13 July - 15 July 2018
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 +
=== Brussels + Central/Western Europe ===
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Brussels, Belgium. 22 September - 23 September 2018
  
In 2018 there were four subsequent Fearless Cities conferences around the world:
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=== América Latina ===
 
#New York, USA
 
#Warsaw, Poland
 
#Valparaíso, Chile
 
#Brussels, Belgium
 
  
== Lisbon and Fearless Cities ==
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Valparaíso, Chile. 30 November - 02 December 2018
An early callout for Lisbon groups to connect with Chilean FC conference in November 2018 by the Ecocity Lisboa group: Lisbon and Fearless Cities<ref>https://ecocitylisboa.wordpress.com/2018/10/01/lisbon-fearless-cities/. Lisbon & Fearless Cities. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>
 
  
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=== Southern Europe ===
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Naples, Italy. 15 March - 17 March 2019
 +
|}
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=== Balkans ===
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Belgrade, Serbia. 07 June - 09 June 2019
 +
 +
This International Fearless Cities conference<ref>Balkans Fearless Cities Conference, June 2019 https://fearlesscities.nedavimobeograd.rs/</ref> was dedicated to local political movements from Europe and the region. In the organization of the [[Ne davimo Beograd]] <ref>https://nedavimobeograd.rs/. Accessed Nov 12th 2020.</ref> Initiative (Don’t let Belgrade Drown), this summit gathered activists from over 20 countries who base their political activities on local, life problems of citizens. This conference was possible thanks to European endowment for democracy, Guerrilla foundation<ref>Guerrilla foundation https://guerrillafoundation.org/</ref> and Fund action<ref>Fund action https://fundaction.eu/</ref>. Organisers outlined:
 +
 +
Organizations involved with the issue of protection of public goods, social security, affordable housing, access to utility services, environmental justice, collectives, decentralization of governance and solidarity make the new political power of citizens. In a world that is changing rapidly and in which, despite all technical, scientific and technological advances, the feelings of insecurity, fear, inequality and hatred are increasingly dominating, in which populism and extremism are growing, a trend of different political organization emerges in the wave of civil strife and new political movements, that carries the hope it is not only possible to confront these negative tendencies, but also to fight for the vision of the cities and societies in which we want to live.
 +
 +
==Fearless Cities related activity==
 +
 +
In 2019 an academic conference happened in Lisbon, Portugal that invited FC activists to participate. From 5-9 March 2020, Transition Network's "Dive Deep and Dream Big" conference explored some FC themes in Brussels. The COVID situation affected conferences greatly. In November 2020 the Municipalize Europe event included FC participants.
 +
 +
=== Lisbon and Fearless Cities ===
 
At the URBACT City Festival in Lisbon September 2018, Deputy Mayor of the Câmara Municipal de Lisboa, Paula Marques stated: “We need to fight the global system with participatory democracy at the level of cities. Going towards fearless cities is a long way and a long task”<ref>http://www.cm-lisboa.pt/no_cache/noticias/detalhe/article/e-arrancou-o-urbac-city-festival. E arrancou o URBAC City Festival (Original in Portuguese, English translation by wiki editor) Lisbon City Hall website. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>.
 
At the URBACT City Festival in Lisbon September 2018, Deputy Mayor of the Câmara Municipal de Lisboa, Paula Marques stated: “We need to fight the global system with participatory democracy at the level of cities. Going towards fearless cities is a long way and a long task”<ref>http://www.cm-lisboa.pt/no_cache/noticias/detalhe/article/e-arrancou-o-urbac-city-festival. E arrancou o URBAC City Festival (Original in Portuguese, English translation by wiki editor) Lisbon City Hall website. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.</ref>.
  
On November 29th 2019, Daniel Cruz<ref>https://twitter.com/dcruzf Daniel Cruz</ref> from BeC / FC was invited to the international seminar in Lisbon; "(Re)Scaling Networks in Portugal and Europe"<ref>https://www.facebook.com/events/850238905378056/ (Re)Scaling Networks in Portugal and Europe</ref>. The event was part of "Reclaim Europe!"<ref>https://fes-portugal.org/reclaim-europe/ Reclaim Europe!</ref>, a project developed by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation<ref>https://fes-portugal.org/seminario-internacional-rescaling-networks-in-portugal-and-europe-towards-new-forms-of-decision-making-29-11-2019-ics/ Friedrich Ebert Foundation</ref> in Portugal with multiple local and international partners and happened in Lisbon University Institute of Social Sciences<ref>https://www.ics.ulisboa.pt/ Lisbon University Institute of Social Sciences</ref> (ICS) research group "Urban Transitions Hub" <ref>https://urbantransitionshub.org/ Urban Transitions Hub</ref>. Other speakers included Talía Rangil from Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI)<ref>https://iclei-europe.org/ ICLEI</ref> and Gil Penha-Lopes<ref>https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/gilpenhalopes Gil Penha-Lopes</ref> from <ref>https://www.ecolise.eu/ ECOLISE</ref>. A short video section of the event is available<ref>https://www.facebook.com/n30and20/videos/429361721341616/ Fearless Cities video presentation, November 2019. From N30 & 20</ref>.
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On November 29th 2019, Daniel Cruz<ref>https://twitter.com/dcruzf Daniel Cruz</ref> from BeC / FC was invited to the international seminar in Lisbon; "(Re)Scaling Networks in Portugal and Europe"<ref>https://www.facebook.com/events/850238905378056/ (Re)Scaling Networks in Portugal and Europe</ref>. The event was part of "Reclaim Europe!"<ref>https://fes-portugal.org/reclaim-europe/ Reclaim Europe!</ref>, a project developed by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation<ref>https://fes-portugal.org/seminario-internacional-rescaling-networks-in-portugal-and-europe-towards-new-forms-of-decision-making-29-11-2019-ics/ Friedrich Ebert Foundation</ref> in Portugal with multiple local and international partners and happened in Lisbon University Institute of Social Sciences<ref>https://www.ics.ulisboa.pt/ Lisbon University Institute of Social Sciences</ref> (ICS) research group "Urban Transitions Hub" <ref>https://urbantransitionshub.org/ Urban Transitions Hub</ref>. Other speakers included Talía Rangil from Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI)<ref>https://iclei-europe.org/ ICLEI</ref> and Gil Penha-Lopes<ref>https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/gilpenhalopes Gil Penha-Lopes</ref> from ECOLISE<ref>https://www.ecolise.eu/ ECOLISE</ref>. A short video section of the event is available<ref>https://www.facebook.com/n30and20/videos/429361721341616/ Fearless Cities video presentation, November 2019. From N30 & 20</ref>.
 +
 
 +
=== "Dive Deep and Dream Big", Brussels ===
 +
 
 +
"Dive Deep and Dream Big: codesigning new transformative pathways through a social learning process" was the full title of the event that happened from 5-9 March 2020. It was organised by the <ref>Transition Network https://transitionnetwork.org/</ref>, <ref>Reseau Transition https://www.reseautransition.be/articles/appel-aux-benevoles-pour-levenement-dive-deep-dream-big/</ref> group in Brussels and with support from [[Municipalities in Transition]] network. Pedro Macedo<ref>Pedro Macedo on Research Gate https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pedro_Macedo7</ref> writes<ref>Pedro Macedo: Dive Deep and Dream Big: codesigning new transformative pathways through a social learning process https://zenodo.org/record/4159731#.X603WNvgqRs</ref>:
 +
 
 +
The ‘Dive Deep & Dream Big’ process started in 2019 and was set as a collaborative inquiry to support break-through change at the municipal scale. Individuals and organizations working in different contexts got together to share knowledge and develop new pathways leading to translocal empowerment.
 +
 
 +
=== Municipalize Europe  ===
 +
 
 +
This event happened on November 5th 2020, it's full title was "Municipalize Europe! Transformative municipalities, the corona crisis recovery and the European Green Deal". The event was hosted by The Transnational Institute<ref>The Transnational Institute https://www.tni.org/</ref>, BeC, Catalunya en Comú<ref>Catalunya en Comu https://catalunyaencomu.cat/</ref>, Corporate Europe Observatory<ref>Corporate Europe Observatory https://corporateeurope.org/en</ref> and the Greens/EFA Group<ref>Greens/EFA Group https://www.greens-efa.eu/en/</ref> in the European Parliament, made up of Green, Pirate, independent MEPs & MEPs representing stateless nations and minorities.
 +
 
 +
Municipalize Europe!<ref>Municipalize Europe, The Transnational Institute https://www.tni.org/en/event/municipalize-europe</ref> was a unique opportunity to learn about the efforts of transformative cities during the COVID-19 crisis and the solutions that they are putting on the agenda for the social and economic recovery. This one day online event on 5 November was split into four sessions. There was simultaneous translation available in English, French and Spanish.
 +
 
 +
The event was divided into 4 different sessions:
 +
* A short introduction to municipalism and the municipalist networks
 +
* Opening panel: the role of municipalist cities after the COVID-19 crisis, and the need for EU funding for cities
 +
* Housing crisis: cities and struggle for affordable housing for all
 +
* Making the European Green Deal work for cities
 +
 
 +
==Publications==
 +
Books
 +
* Fearless Cities: A guide to the global municipalist movement: https://newint.org/books/new-internationalist/fearless-cities
 +
Academic Articles
 +
* Beyond the Local Trap: New Municipalism and the Rise of the Fearless Cities, Bertie Russell, 2019: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/anti.12520
 +
Blog Posts
 +
* Municipalism and the Feminization of Politics,Laura Roth & Kate Shea Baird, in ROAR Magazine: https://roarmag.org/magazine/municipalism-feminization-urban-politics/
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
     <references />
 
     <references />
  
[[Category:Municipalism]]
+
[[Category: Transferred to CfF wiki]]
[[Category:Municipalist networks]]
 
[[Category:Feminist initiatives]]
 

Latest revision as of 09:26, 24 July 2021

Fearless Cities is the global municipalist movement. It began in 2017 after the first conference in Barcelona to assist all global cities and communities create and / or develop local municipalist projects and political processes to allow citizens have a greater say in what type of city or community they wish to live in.

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General introduction

According to the Fearless cities(FC) website:

In a world in which fear and inequalities are being twisted into hate, “Fearless” towns and cities are standing up to defend human rights, democracy and the common good.
This global municipalist movement met for the first time at the Fearless Cities Summit in Barcelona in June 2017, at the invitation of Barcelona En Comú, with the goal of radicalizing democracy, feminizing politics and standing up to the far right. 
Since then, these neighbourhood movements, mayors and local councilors have been collaborating to build global networks of solidarity and hope from the bottom up.[1]

Origins of Fearless Cities

The citizen platform Barcelona en Comú (BeC)[2] won the 2015 Municipal elections in Barcelona.[3] Along with seven other citizen platforms, this movement subsequently got labelled as the 'Rebel Cities' of Spain.[4] The municipalist win saw the city having its first woman mayor Ada Colau (in over 2,000 years of history) and BeC declared they were developing a more 'feminised' democracy.[5] A week after elections when interviewed on Democracy Now! Colau stated: “We can prove there is another way to govern, more inclusive, working together with the people, more than just asking them to vote every four years. We´re very aware that the real change must be global, that one city alone cannot solve all the problems we´re facing”.[6]

Fearless Cities Summits

In 2017 BeC set up the first Fearless Cities Summit in Barcelona to support other cities who wished to create similar citizen-led change. In 2018 there were four subsequent Fearless Cities Summits around the world and, despite COVID, two more in Europe in 2019. Groups are currently exploring another Summit in Amsterdam, May 28-30th 2021.

International Municipalist Summit

Barcelona, Spain. 9-11 June 2017.

In 2017 BeC set up the first Fearless Cities Summit in Barcelona to support other cities who wished to create similar citizen-led change. The conference and new global network had three clear goals:[7]

Work as a global municipalist network
Share tools, knowledge and experiences with municipalist movements from around the world
Feminize politics
Develop new ways of organizing based on horizontal collaboration, collective intelligence and the politics of everyday life
Stop the far right
Combat the politics of hate and fear with local policies to reduce inequality and promote the common good

In 2018 there were four subsequent Fearless Cities Summits around the world and, despite COVID, two more in Europe in 2019.

North America

New York City, USA 27 July - 29 July 2018

Central and Eastern Europe

Warsaw, Poland. 13 July - 15 July 2018

Brussels + Central/Western Europe

Brussels, Belgium. 22 September - 23 September 2018

América Latina

Valparaíso, Chile. 30 November - 02 December 2018

Southern Europe

Naples, Italy. 15 March - 17 March 2019

Balkans

Belgrade, Serbia. 07 June - 09 June 2019

This International Fearless Cities conference[8] was dedicated to local political movements from Europe and the region. In the organization of the Ne davimo Beograd [9] Initiative (Don’t let Belgrade Drown), this summit gathered activists from over 20 countries who base their political activities on local, life problems of citizens. This conference was possible thanks to European endowment for democracy, Guerrilla foundation[10] and Fund action[11]. Organisers outlined:

Organizations involved with the issue of protection of public goods, social security, affordable housing, access to utility services, environmental justice, collectives, decentralization of governance and solidarity make the new political power of citizens. In a world that is changing rapidly and in which, despite all technical, scientific and technological advances, the feelings of insecurity, fear, inequality and hatred are increasingly dominating, in which populism and extremism are growing, a trend of different political organization emerges in the wave of civil strife and new political movements, that carries the hope it is not only possible to confront these negative tendencies, but also to fight for the vision of the cities and societies in which we want to live.

Fearless Cities related activity

In 2019 an academic conference happened in Lisbon, Portugal that invited FC activists to participate. From 5-9 March 2020, Transition Network's "Dive Deep and Dream Big" conference explored some FC themes in Brussels. The COVID situation affected conferences greatly. In November 2020 the Municipalize Europe event included FC participants.

Lisbon and Fearless Cities

At the URBACT City Festival in Lisbon September 2018, Deputy Mayor of the Câmara Municipal de Lisboa, Paula Marques stated: “We need to fight the global system with participatory democracy at the level of cities. Going towards fearless cities is a long way and a long task”[12].

On November 29th 2019, Daniel Cruz[13] from BeC / FC was invited to the international seminar in Lisbon; "(Re)Scaling Networks in Portugal and Europe"[14]. The event was part of "Reclaim Europe!"[15], a project developed by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation[16] in Portugal with multiple local and international partners and happened in Lisbon University Institute of Social Sciences[17] (ICS) research group "Urban Transitions Hub" [18]. Other speakers included Talía Rangil from Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI)[19] and Gil Penha-Lopes[20] from ECOLISE[21]. A short video section of the event is available[22].

"Dive Deep and Dream Big", Brussels

"Dive Deep and Dream Big: codesigning new transformative pathways through a social learning process" was the full title of the event that happened from 5-9 March 2020. It was organised by the [23], [24] group in Brussels and with support from Municipalities in Transition network. Pedro Macedo[25] writes[26]:

The ‘Dive Deep & Dream Big’ process started in 2019 and was set as a collaborative inquiry to support break-through change at the municipal scale. Individuals and organizations working in different contexts got together to share knowledge and develop new pathways leading to translocal empowerment.

Municipalize Europe

This event happened on November 5th 2020, it's full title was "Municipalize Europe! Transformative municipalities, the corona crisis recovery and the European Green Deal". The event was hosted by The Transnational Institute[27], BeC, Catalunya en Comú[28], Corporate Europe Observatory[29] and the Greens/EFA Group[30] in the European Parliament, made up of Green, Pirate, independent MEPs & MEPs representing stateless nations and minorities.

Municipalize Europe![31] was a unique opportunity to learn about the efforts of transformative cities during the COVID-19 crisis and the solutions that they are putting on the agenda for the social and economic recovery. This one day online event on 5 November was split into four sessions. There was simultaneous translation available in English, French and Spanish.

The event was divided into 4 different sessions:

  • A short introduction to municipalism and the municipalist networks
  • Opening panel: the role of municipalist cities after the COVID-19 crisis, and the need for EU funding for cities
  • Housing crisis: cities and struggle for affordable housing for all
  • Making the European Green Deal work for cities

Publications

Books

Academic Articles

Blog Posts

References

  1. http://fearlesscities.com/en/about-fearless-cities. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.
  2. https://barcelonaencomu.cat/. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.
  3. Left-wing victory in Catalonia's municipal elections and increase of self-determination representatives. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/left-wing-victory-in-catalonia-s-municipal-elections-and-increase-of-self-determination-representatives
  4. Shea Baird, K., 2015. Published online in Red Pepper. Rebel cities: the citizen platforms in power. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.redpepper.org.uk/rebel-cities-the-citizen-platforms-in-power/
  5. Guardian: Barcelona mayor-elect Ada Colau calls for more 'feminised' democracy. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/07/barcelona-mayor-ada-colau-feminised-democracy
  6. Democracy Now!: From Occupying Banks to City Hall: Meet Barcelona’s New Mayor Ada Colau. Accessed Nov 13th 2019. https://www.democracynow.org/2015/6/5/from_occupying_banks_to_city_hall
  7. http://2017.fearlesscities.com/. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.
  8. Balkans Fearless Cities Conference, June 2019 https://fearlesscities.nedavimobeograd.rs/
  9. https://nedavimobeograd.rs/. Accessed Nov 12th 2020.
  10. Guerrilla foundation https://guerrillafoundation.org/
  11. Fund action https://fundaction.eu/
  12. http://www.cm-lisboa.pt/no_cache/noticias/detalhe/article/e-arrancou-o-urbac-city-festival. E arrancou o URBAC City Festival (Original in Portuguese, English translation by wiki editor) Lisbon City Hall website. Accessed Nov 13th 2019.
  13. https://twitter.com/dcruzf Daniel Cruz
  14. https://www.facebook.com/events/850238905378056/ (Re)Scaling Networks in Portugal and Europe
  15. https://fes-portugal.org/reclaim-europe/ Reclaim Europe!
  16. https://fes-portugal.org/seminario-internacional-rescaling-networks-in-portugal-and-europe-towards-new-forms-of-decision-making-29-11-2019-ics/ Friedrich Ebert Foundation
  17. https://www.ics.ulisboa.pt/ Lisbon University Institute of Social Sciences
  18. https://urbantransitionshub.org/ Urban Transitions Hub
  19. https://iclei-europe.org/ ICLEI
  20. https://ce3c.ciencias.ulisboa.pt/member/gilpenhalopes Gil Penha-Lopes
  21. https://www.ecolise.eu/ ECOLISE
  22. https://www.facebook.com/n30and20/videos/429361721341616/ Fearless Cities video presentation, November 2019. From N30 & 20
  23. Transition Network https://transitionnetwork.org/
  24. Reseau Transition https://www.reseautransition.be/articles/appel-aux-benevoles-pour-levenement-dive-deep-dream-big/
  25. Pedro Macedo on Research Gate https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pedro_Macedo7
  26. Pedro Macedo: Dive Deep and Dream Big: codesigning new transformative pathways through a social learning process https://zenodo.org/record/4159731#.X603WNvgqRs
  27. The Transnational Institute https://www.tni.org/
  28. Catalunya en Comu https://catalunyaencomu.cat/
  29. Corporate Europe Observatory https://corporateeurope.org/en
  30. Greens/EFA Group https://www.greens-efa.eu/en/
  31. Municipalize Europe, The Transnational Institute https://www.tni.org/en/event/municipalize-europe