Talk:Contributions of community-led initiatives to reductions in carbon emissions

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Potential interesting information

"household heating is estimated to represent 10 percent of the total GhG emissions in both the EU-151 and the EU-272 countries (European Environmental Agency, 2008)." (Kuronen et al 2010:202) "the European commission (2005) and other studies (moll et al., 2005; simola et al., 2007) have estimated that in Europe, about 40 percent of national energy use and GhG emissions are related to household services consisting of heating, production of domestic hot water and cooling." (Kuronen et al 2010:202) --Gil Penha-Lopes (talk) 21:03, 25 June 2018 (UTC)

(removed from earlier draft but perhaps still relevant: When analysing the activities by domain TESS results highlights that[1]:

  • Transport has high GHG emission reduction potential. Although the total reduction per distance (km) is higher on "Transport of goods" (mainly biking and e-vehicles) than "Transport of persons" (which also includes buses and trains), mainly due to the more sustainable mobility of the former activity, the longer distance traveled by people compared to goods leads increases the performance in reductions per beneficiary and % of carbon footprint of "Transport of persons" activity when compared with "Transport of goods". Considering that the transportation sector accounts for 14% of the total anthropogenic CO2 emissions (IPCC 2014), it is most definitely a promising sector for GHG reductions. TESS report highlights that "if electricity generated by only renewable resources were used, the GHG reductions achieved by the CBIs, especially within the activity “Transportation of Goods” would increase considerably".[2]
  • Food sector accounts for nearly a third of global anthropogenic GHG emissions with food loss and food waste along the food value-chain representing nearly 33% of the total food production ad consequently having a large impact on GHG emissions. TESS results indicate that “Provision of Food” and “Provision of Infrastructure for Local Food Markets” promote the increase demand for organic food production, which although having a very modest mitigation potential, can be improved by increasing the choice of beans, courgettes and/or tomatoes cultivated in poly-tunnels with strong GHG reductions. TESS report also highlights that although “Redistribution of Food” might have low potential for expansion (such as food resources available) has high GHG reduction potential, due to a decrease in food waste at the individual household.
  • Goods and Material are within the Circular Economy European strategy and CLIs have demonstrated that “Repairing, Reusing, Upcycling” can show great potential when dealing with high quantities of materials and products that many CLIs are managing, namely the ones focused on few items, such as computers or bicycles. Knowing that this activity can reduce GHG emission by 0.54% for each product, if beneficiaries start repairing, reusing and up cycling multiple products, the impact of this activity increases significantly. Also, although Recycling presented a 1.52% of GHG emission reduction of each beneficiary, the need to increase strongly the Recycling rates in Europe indicates that this activity can also have a great impact on climate change mitigation.
  • Energy to produce electricity and heat account for nearly 25% of total anthropogenic GHG emissions (IPCC 2014). CLIs promoting electricity-generating activities have a stronger impact on GHG emission reduction mainly due to the fact that cleaner energy sources are already present at higher percentages in the heat-mix, and that these initiatives can feed electricity into the grid, whereas heat-generating initiatives have time and spacial use limitations of the heat produced.

Tom Henfrey (talk) 14:05, 15 February 2019 (CST)

Values, Motivations and Background

See paper for Values, Motivations and Background Howell, R., Allen, S., 2016. People and planet: Values, motivations and formative influences of individuals acting to mitigate climate change. Environ. Values. Boudinot, F.G., LeVasseur, T., 2016. “Grow the Scorched Ground Green”: Values and Ethics in the Transition Movement. J. Study Relig. Nat. Cult. 10, 379–404. https://doi.org/10.1558/jsrnc.v10i3.25005 Mardache, A.C., 2017. INTENTIONAL COMMUNITIES IN ROMANIA. PRECURSOR STAGE OF COMMUNITY INTEGRATION. Bull. Transilv. Univ. Brasov Ser. VII Soc. Sci. Law 10, 87–92.

Conscious and active citizens, acting as individuals, and CLI members, acting more as a group or community, do have different values, motivations and backgrounds that enable them to have and promote low carbon lifestyles. Howell and Allen, in 2016, surveyed more than 300 people and realised that climate change should not be framed only within the environmental sphere (such as nature conservation and "biospheric" concerns), once issues of social justice (mainly towards poor and vulnerable people and nations) and economy (frugal lifestyle and voluntary simplicity), among others, are considered as other very important motivators towards action[3]. --Gil Penha-Lopes (talk) 16:06, 22 October 2018 (UTC) Again, hard for me to see its relevance to the central argument of this page

Tom Henfrey (talk) 10:10, 9 February 2019 (CST)

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Tess2.4
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Tess D2.1
  3. Howell, R., Allen, S., 2016. People and planet: Values, motivations and formative influences of individuals acting to mitigate climate change. Environ. Values.