Talk:Sustainable Development Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities

From EcoliseWiki

Key strategies:

  • Ecovillages as existing efforts at sustainable communities
    • Concrete achievements
    • Potential as specific measure (i.e. more ecovillages)
    • Potential to inform approaches outside ecovillages
  • Transition, urban permaculture etc. within existing communities and cities
  • How specific initiatives support sustainability more widely
    • e.g. when community energy becomes basis for wider sustainability
    • protest movements becoming citizen fora (e.g. Campania, fracking)

--Gil Penha-Lopes (talk) 09:17, 9 July 2018 (UTC)

In summary, UA projects are not only thought to deliver ecosystem services—which cities need to safeguard to ensure urban human wellbeing in the long run (McPhearson et al., 2015) —but also to have social benefits for urban areas." (Knapp et al 2016:2) "Urban agriculture is a potential strategy to increase the resilience of cities (McPhearson et al., 2015) "with respect to uncertainties, complexities and major crises" (Barthel et al., 2013, p. 14), not only because UA increases the availability of food, but also because UA increases the diversity of food sources (Barthel and Isendahl, 2013) and makes it possible to maintain knowledge about growing food (Barthel et al., 2013)." (Knapp et al 2016:2) "Most of the projects we encountered are bottom up initiatives, started by local residents. If a legal framework—including restrictions—is applied to UA, this might impede the establishment of such projects. Nevertheless, legal frameworks that support land tenure contracts can enhance the security of such projects. Indeed, Mansfield and Mendes (2012) argue that the role governments should take regarding urban agriculture is not well established and needs to be clarified." (Knapp et al 2016:11) "project leaders of many other systems argued that the project enhanced the quality of life in the neighborhood. For instance, sex tourism or drug dealing diminished and there was less dumping of trash. Moreover, UA projects can increase the value of the neighborhood and diminish the costs of the local municipality for the maintenance of green areas (Been and Voicu, 2006; Colding and Barthel, 2013)." (Knapp et al 2016:12)