EcoliseWiki:Status Report 2021 content

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Core Content Structure

Being Spaces for/of...

Economic Diversity
It is increasingly evident that current economic paradigms - particularly the capitalist premise of perpetual growth in GDP - are fundamentally incompatible with sustainability, including fulfillment of the Paris Agreement, Sustainable Development Goals and Green New Deal. However, diverse and abundant alternative ideas and models now exist, which abandon theoretical dogma in favour of the practical question of how to live together in shared prosperity on an ecologically finite planet.
  • Mainstream political consensus (and its contradictions with capitalism)
    • Paris Climate Agreement
    • SDGs
    • Green New Deal
  • Alternative Economics
    • Distinction of economic form vs. substance (Polanyi)
    • Political economy models
    • Postgrowth
      • Degrowth
      • Wellbeing economy/economy for common good
  • Anthropocene
    • Capitalocene
    • Wasteocene
    • Nature Stewardship
Democratic Political Practice
Environmentally and socially destructive economic systems are inherently connected with centralised and inequitable political systems capable of co-option by those who already hold wealth and power. Moving towards sustainability and social justice requires more inclusive and democratic forms of decision-making and allocation of rights over shared resources. Approaches to inclusive governance already in use by many communities of place and/or practice provide potential models for a wider democratisation of society.
  • Inclusive Governance
    • Sociocracy
    • Other governance tools used by CLIs
    • EDGE governance
  • Participatory Democracy
    • Citizen's assemblies
    • People's assemblies
    • Flatpack democracy
    • Municipalism
Living Values
Incumbent economic and political systems implicitly embed values at odds with sustainability and social justice, and hence build these in operationally as both operational features and inevitable outcomes. Community initiatives seeking to create and enact alternative economic and governnance paradigms operate according to very different sets of values. Making these values explicit enables critical self-reflection (and formal evaluation) on whether and to what extent they are, or are not, being upheld, and at the same time highlights contrasts with dominant systems.
  • Inner Transition
    • Sacred Demise
    • Deep Adaptation
    • Emotional methodologies
  • Intergenerational perspectives
  • Creation spiritualities
    • New Cosmologies
    • Papal encyclical
  • Contemplative practices
Regenerative Cultures
Values of sustainability, justice and care, in the context of accelerating social and ecological degeneration, oblige us to move from exploitation to regeneration as the cultural premise for human societies. Regenerative cultures take many different forms, rooted in place and responsive to local and regional environmental, ecological, economic, social, and cultural conditions. They represent diverse possible responses to current crises, and indicate potential trajectories towards human presence on earth becoming something that safeguards and enriches the biosphere.
  • Regenerative Development

Regenerative Development term was first proposed by Regenesis Group in 1995, describing an approach to enhance the ability of living being to co-evolve.[1] In order words, a framework with design practices that grows the capacity of humans to assess and respond to the world's living complexity. Regenesis founders considered that the core cause of all current challenges is a fractured relationship between people and nature. So, at the core of regenerative development there is first an invitation for a cultural and psychological shift, and only secondarily technological. According to Regenesis[1] their work "integrated three distinct and complementary approaches to change: Living Systems Thinking: a framework-based approach, developed by Charles Krone, that consciously improves people’s capacity to illuminate the inherent potential that a living system is attempting to manifest • Permaculture: an ecological design system, originated by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in the 1970s, that discerns patterns in natural and human systems in order to weave them together as dynamic wholes • Developmental Change Processes: an approach to community engagement that encourages stakeholders to work together to evolve the potential of place, rather than struggling over the limits presented by existing conditions"

Regenesis and their members have been gathering experience from all land and community development projects all over the world . The work is focused on the developmental potential of place (including territory and its community) with the understanding that we design living nested systems. By exploring the history and uniqueness of the place with the local community and stakeholders in that region, they invoke a deep sense of belonging and ownership. Inviting all to see the potential of that region[1], something we all have in common regardless of our other differences, participants understand or can take up new roles of value adding that benefits both community and territory (taking into consideration the human, social, natural, produced and financial capitals). This tends to enhance their will to express themselves in the three lines of work: developing themselves (1st line of work), developing the capability of the group, team or initiative they are involved (2nd line of work) and serving the development and evolution of larger nested wholes (or the systems beyond the scale it’s been co-creatively designing, 3rd line of work). Accomplished regenerative practitioners might trigger an evolutionary process in the communities they serve that does not stop when the project or policy/funding scheme is over. They are expected to leave the communities better equipped, with new energy (vitality), agency (viability) and capabilities, to keep moving forward (evolution), despite difficulties and obstructions and with a stronger connection to their place, both the natural and human build environment and ‘neighbours’.

  • New Monetary Systems
  • Regenerative Enterprise and Capitalism
  • Designing Regenerative Cultures

Collaborative Networks

Translocal Networks
Locally rooted action that remains local in perspective and scope is limited in its potential, in itself, to contribute to wider transformation. Collaboration among those working towards regenerative cultures in different places allows them to become more than the some of their parts. Through networking, mutual inspiration, shared learning, diffusion of ideas and practices, and strategic action at national and international levels, local and regional initiatives connect, spread and grow into broad-based movements for change.
  • Nature and Status of key networks
Territorial/Bioregional Partnerships
The specific thematic focus of any translocal network is never by itself adequate to navigate the complexity of local realities. When multiple networks and converge upon a single physical locality, broad partnerships of actors working at local-to-regional scale can emerge, each bringing its own set of perspectives and competencies. Their combination in multi-stakeholder partnerships working towards agreed broad goals creates the greatest potential for both rapid local transition and catalysing wider societal transformation.
  • Regional transitions
    • ARTS
    • Transformative Cities
    • Eco-cities, eco-regions, bio-districts
  • Municipality-CLI collaboration
    • MiT
    • Ecovillage Transition in Action
    • UrbanA,
    • Food policy councils
Social Solidarity Economy
An economy based on principles of competition and self-interest puts provision of basic needs at odds with regeneration of social and ecological value. Collective, democratically organised action through inclusive place-based partnerships, connected via translocal networks, can be the basis for reshaping economic life at all levels on the basis of solidarity, cooperation and care for people and other living systems.
  • Cooperatives and cooperativism

Sustainability in Practice

Working with Nature
Conceptual and material separation from nature is a key root cause of current crises. Recognising that human economies are living systems, embedded within and dependent upon biological processes, is key to their sustainability. Understanding the principles that allow ecological systems to combine productivity and resilience can also inform the intentional design of human systems.
  • Nature-based solutions
    • Biomimicry
    • Ecomimicry
    • Permaculture
  • Dynamic Sustainabilities
    • Social-ecological resilience
    • Autopoiesis
    • Structural coupling
  • Rights of nature
    • Ecocide
    • Biophilia
    • Planetary consciousness
    • Human-nature connection
    • Earth stewardship
  • Epistemic plurality
    • Ecology of mind
    • Biocultural diversity
    • Pluriverse
Transition Design
Environmental and socially destructive impact are not incidental contingent side-effects of capitalism, but inherent, if unintended, consequences of its need to extract surplus value. Recognising this raises the converse prospect of deliberate design of socio-economic systems for sustainable and equitable outcomes, through inclusive and democractic processes and as unique expressions of local biocultural conditions, and in mutually beneficial interrelationships with other localities.
  • Sustainability Transitions
    • Community-led initiatives
  • Autonomous design
    • Indigenous knowledge
    • Post-development
    • Post colonialism
  • Relocalisation
    • Transition movement
    • Bioregionalism
    • Food sovereignty
    • Energy democracy
Commons Ecologies
Basing production on private property disincentivises social responsibility, while centralised state control undermines individual and community autonomy. Commons, in which users self-organise for the stewardship and allocation of shared resources on the basis of need and capability, are the basis of all known cases of human societies living within local ecological limits. Commons ecologies existing in mutually generative relationships with each other are an outcome of Transition design that provide a potential model for global sustainable society, rooted in diverse local specifics
  • Commons
    • Climate as commons
    • Open source
    • Commoning
    • Governance of commons/Institutional Diversity
Social Innovation
The modes of thought and action accessible through dominant regimes can only ultimately reinforce the material and subjective structures of oppression that are the root causes of inequality, injustice and ecological degradation. Niche actors able collectively to understand, organise themselves and act upon the world are capable of innovative forms of action that challenge dominant logics and provide alternatives to them. Their transformative potential is particularly evident in the face of game-changers: radical shifts in conditions that bring into question the viability and desirability of current systems, demonstrating both the possibility for and necessity of radical change.
  • Grassroots innovations
  • Transformative social innovation
  • Game-changers
Growing Edges
Community-led initiatives have not, on any large scale, halted or reversed environmental and social damage or the economic and political systems that rely on them. In some cases and respects, by decontextualising normalised and accepted behaviours and conventions with socially and/or environmentally perverse outcomes, they make them more visible, indicating where more work is needed (including within community initiatives themselves) to become consistent with expressed values. Barriers and constraints experienced by community initiatives working towards environmental and social outcomes supported by broad social and/or political consensus but impossible to achieve in practice, reveal the contradictions and points of intransigence in dominant systems.
  • Problems commonly faced by and within CLIs
    • Personal and collective shadows
    • Internalised structures of oppression (patriarchy…)
    • Conflict and its transformation
  • Barriers and constraints to effective action
    • Key areas for further development
    • Barriers to becoming regenerative cultures
    • Lessons from CLIs concerning problems likely to arise in transition and how to overcome them


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Mang, Pamela, e Ben Haggard. «Regenerative Development and Design», 2016, 274.