Sustainable Development Goal 13: Climate action

From EcoliseWiki

SDG13 - Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

"For SDG 13 'climate action', data coverage is sufficient for the topic 'climate mitigation', while trends of indicators on 'climate impacts' and 'climate initiatives' cannot be availability of data. Indicators in the sub-theme 'climate mitigation' predominantly show progress, with the EU being well on track to reach its targets for greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energies and energy consumption." ( 2017:16)

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Climate Change is one of the main concerns of community-led initiatives that are part of ECOLISE. For example, Transition initiatives have started by considering pick oil and climate change as the main challenges to tackle by local communities. One of the first outcomes that Transition Network suggested to initiatives worldwide is a local (city, town, etc…) energy descendant plan. Other CLI do also promote lifestyles that have a direct and indirect influence climate change mitigation and adaptation. Initiatives that promote more vegetarian/vegan and local food production and consumption can reduce their GHG footprint by 7%, while promoting sustainable individual transportation (such as biking) could reduce this footprint by 11% (TESS GHG report).

"If 5% of European citizens engaged as beneficiaries of CBIs similar to the ones sampled, almost 85% of the EU-28 countries would meet the target of reducing GHG emissions by 20% by 2020 (considering the food/agriculture, waste, energy and transport domains)." ( :11)

1. Carbon Reduction (number of avoided emissions in Kg Co2) Among the emission-relevant activities carried out by the CBIs, the most recurring are “Provisioning of goods and services” and “Provisioning of fruits and vegetables”. Among the emission-relevant activities carried out by the CBIs, the most recurring are “Provisioning of goods and services” and “Provisioning of fruits and vegetables”. “Transportation of Goods” presents a 94.7% average reduction of GHG emissions in relation to the baseline scenario, with absolute results ranging from 1785.6 to 43464.3 kg CO2e/y for the respective CBIs. Absolute emissions reductions for the activity “Infrastructure for Local Food Markets” vary from 153.5 to 4433.5 kg CO2e/y, with averages of 1303.0 kg CO2e/y absolute emissions (20.8% reduction from baseline) and an efficiency of 0.18 kg CO2/kg. The very different sizes of the initiatives (94 to 888940 kg of food redistributed per year) correspond to very different absolute savings in terms of GHG emissions, presenting an average of 145234.2 kg CO2e/y per CBI. The average absolute reduction in GHG emissions for the initiatives in the activity “Repairing, Reusing, Upcycling” is very high (1574395.1 kg CO2e/y, with an average efficiency of 34.3 kg CO2e per product). The average absolute reductions from CBIs in the energy domain are 612312.3 kg CO2e/y (84.3% from the baseline), ranging from 40241.4 to 2367142.9 kg CO2e/y for CBIs. For the food domain TESS results suggest that what you eat is much more relevant than how it is produced: by consuming vegan and vegetarian meals, beneficiaries of the analysed CBIs can reduce their GHG footprint by around 7%. Also, the redistribution of still-edible food from supermarkets has a large relevance for climate mitigation. [1]

Interesting articles: (Greer, 2017) (Tosun and Schoenefeld, 2016)

Discourse: (Mortensen, n.d.) (Polk, 2015)

Collective action

(Bamberg et al., 2015)

  1. TESS. TESS Policy Brief GHG. (2016)